106/ Historical past of my undertaking in progress (3): statistical evaluation on the interval stage

The time-frequency analyses of the artworks depicting Venus and their recognized French artists, present a transparent shift within the massive complete compilation revealed within the Topical Catalogue ‘The French Venus’ v2.1.4 (2021) when in comparison with the sooner smaller compilation revealed in Vol.2.1(2009) – see put up 104/ Historical past of my undertaking in progress (1). The interval of most variety of artworks and artists is relocated from interval 1750-99 to 1850-99 (Fig.1). The evaluation demonstrates likewise a a lot larger manifestation of ladies artists in v2.1.4 (2021) than was identified in Vol.2.1(2009) (Fig.3). 

These outcomes are,after all, the consequence of the growing availability of digitized archival sources, such because the Salons 1673-1914, however they’re additionally unmistakably linked to the inventive productiveness, the ‘lengthy tail’ and the canon in artwork historical past, mentioned in put up 105/ Historical past of my undertaking in progress (2).

Determine 1Time-frequency graphs of artworks and artists in two compilations

There is no such thing as a want to debate meticulously the variations between the graphs with statistical checks because the first pattern Vol.2.1 (2009) is unquestionably extra biased than the second pattern v2.1.4 (2021). Nonetheless, it’s helpful to analyse some absolute frequencies (numbers) of artworks in a window of intervals. For example, within the durations 1700-49, 1750-99, 1800-49, 1850-99, with inventive kinds usually described because the Rococo-, the Neo-Classicist- and Educational-styles, the dispersion of artworks might be quantitatively equated with the coefficient of variation CV, a measure of dispersion, outlined because the ratio of the usual deviation divided by the common (Desk 1).

Desk 1. Numbers of Venus-artworks in two compilations

and their coefficients of variation CV








(2997 works)







(4437 works)






 Thus, the most recent compilation v2.1.4 exhibits clearly a way more fixed inventive manufacturing of Venus-artworks all through this era of two centuries. It’s anticipated that the complete revision of the dataset of The French Venus for all artists in alphabetical order A-Z won’t modify this conclusion.

A well-known artwork historic case within the interval 1850-99 is the recognition of the  portray ‘Naissance de Vénus’ exhibited within the Salon of 1863 by Alexandre CABANEL (1823-1889 ), purchased by Napoléon III, now within the Musée d’Orsay in Paris.


Determine 2 The birth of Venus (1863) by Alexandre CABANEL

 It was copied 27 instances inside 28 years by 23 French artists, of whom 13 ladies artists could possibly be recognized till now (see Matter 4. Beginning of Venus – Marine Venus, from cat.nr.1363 onwards in the Topical Catalogue ‘The French Venus’ version 2.1.4 (2021)).





The ladies artists on this interval 1850-99 had been usually miniaturists and painted on porcelain. Their low quantity within the early 20thcentury is exceptional and ought to be verified with the continued compilation of artists in alphabetical order L-Z (Fig.2).


Determine 3 Numbers of girls artists in two compilations

Their excessive numbers within the later interval 1950-99 and particularly in 2000+ are associated to the chance for all artists to current their work, not solely in galleries or sometimes in exhibitions, however repeatedly on web, typically by way of their very own WEB-site, however primarily with specialised promoting websites.


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