“… learning all the artists of a interval quite than solely the nice names.”
Howard S. Becker ‘Artwork Worlds’ 1984 (1, p.xi)
On this sequence about publications recognized for his or her illustrations, however solely registered by the creator’s or editor’s identify and the place the illustrators are not often acknowledged within the basic title or not even acknowledged within the writer’s foreword or the creator’s introduction, the quite a few publications by Charles Paul LANDON (1760-1826) are one other attention-grabbing instance. His greatest recognized publication in 12 volumes was edited in 1803-1817, all with the identical basic title on the entrance web page:
Vies et œuvres des peintres les plus célèbres de toutes les écoles :
recueil classique contenant l’œuvre complète des peintres du premier rang, et leurs portraits, les principales productions des artistes de 2e et 3e lessons, un abrégé de la vie des peintres grecs, et un choix des plus belles peintures antiques, réduit et gravé au trait, d’après les estampes de la Bibliothèque nationale et des plus riches collections particulières. Paris : Chez l’auteur.
The Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) describes the volumes as follows: Vol.[ I], École lombarde. Le Dominiquin. L’Albane ; Vol. [II-V], École romaine. Raphaël Sanzio ; Vol. [VI], École florentine. Michel-Ange. Daniel de Volterre. Bandinelli ; Vol. [VII], Léonard de Vinci. Le Titien. Le Information. Paul Véronèse ; Vol. [VIII], École parmesane. Le Corrège. Parmesan ; Vol. [IX], École française. Le Sueur. Jouvenet ; Vol. [X-XI], École française. Poussin ; Vol. [XII], Peintres de l’antiquité (2).
The volumes comprise a complete variety of 1119 plates (pl) with a number of illustrations, all “…gravé au trait,…” , translated by Arthur M. Hind as ’define engraving’, a very fashionable method to start with of the 19thcentury “…merely utilized as essentially the most expeditious technique of reproducing the composition of an image.” (3 p.210).
On the underside left of every plate is mostly given the identify of the painter with the Latin phrase pinx(it). The signature of the illustrator-engraver is given with the predicative sc.or sculp(sit).on the backside proper. These signatures have been collected manually and the recognized artists are listed subsequent to every quantity within the pictogram Fig.1 of the publication.
Determine 1 Pictogram of LANDON’s publication, volumes, variety of plates and recognized artists
(in purple: girls artists)
For the reason that signature seldom consists of the given identify, the complete identification was not doable for 12 artists, assuming that their involvement with the given volumes ought to have been within the interval 1803-17. Particulars are given in Desk 1, the place 30 artists with their signatures are ordered alphabetically.
Desk 1. Alphabetical record of 30 artists
with their signatures who illustrated
‘Vies et œuvres des peintres les plus célèbres de toutes les écoles’
It’s attention-grabbing to notice 7 girls artists on this Desk (with their names colored purple, additionally in Fig.1). Two of them, Pauline LANDON and Eléonore LINGÉE, are very productive in all or most volumes. The previous is alleged to be the daughter of Charles LANDON who married the librarian Soyer and continued to signal ‘Landon’ or ‘née Landon’, however BnF refers to Louise-Charlotte Landon, additionally an engraver, as daughter of Landon and who married Soyer (4). The latter is the sister of the artist A. F. HÉMERY, and married the engraver C. L. Lingée, divorced and remarried the painter Lefèvre.
See extra posts about forgotten artists who illustrated well-known publications:
Might 18, 2021 99/ Artwork networks of illustrated publications (1): The Temple of Gnide
July 25, 2021 101/ Artwork networks of illustrated publications (2): Antiquities
October 25, 2021 102/ Artwork networks of illustrated publications (3): a disordered hyper-network
November 11, 2021 103/ Mad about Baudelaire and his Venus statue or Artwork networks of illustrated publications (4)
2. The BnF cataloguedescription doesn’t adjust to the 19 objects digitized in GALLICA, not ordered by their precise content material. Additionally INTERNET ARCHIVE presents digitized copies of those publications, however with the identical despairing basic title.
3. Arthur M. Hind ‘A Historical past of Engraving & Etching from the fifteenth Century to the Yr 1914’. Dover Publications, New York 1963.
4. BnF has a full entry for ‘Louise-Charlotte Soyer (Landon)’, additionally engraver and daughter of C. P. Landon, however not for Pauline Landon, properly recorded in different sources. Based on this entry: « Serait à distinguer de (Marie-) Pauline Soyer, née de Saint-Yves Landon à Caen le 26 avril 1786, également graveur. ». The addition of a patronym like ‘de Saint-Yves’ was not unusual ‘to look stylish’ until the center of the nineteenth century (with because of E. Parinet, Ecole nationale des chartes, for drawing my consideration to this ‘ajout’).
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