92/ On-line sources of French artwork for assortment freaks, a sequel

This put up presents a evaluate of on-line sources with metadata of French artworks. The survey distinguishes between ‘French museums and collections’, ‘French historic sources’ and ‘Photographic and digital collections’.
It’s a sequel to earlier posts the place related details about on-line sources had been collected (1) and is a part of a serious effort to revise ‘The French Venus’, second catalogue revealed in 2009 of the sequence of six ‘Topical Catalogues of the Iconography of Venus from the Center Ages to Trendy Occasions’ (2).

A mosaic of some French on-line sources

French museums and collections

The principal useful resource is POP : Plateforme Ouverte du Patrimoine, Ministère de la Tradition with seven databases (whole variety of objects between brackets).
·       Répertoire des Musées de France (Muséofile) (714)
·       Collections des musées de France(Joconde)(408,467)
·       Patrimoine mobilier (Palissy) (152,809)
·       Patrimoine architectural (Mérimée) (75,398)
·       Photographies (Mémoire)(1,849,291)
·        Récupération artistique (MNR Rose-Valland) (2,127)
·       Enluminures (Enluminures)(109,863) 
Solely the foremost and oldest database Joconde could be filtered for ‘French artwork’ within the superior search with ‘ECOL – Ecole-pays’  = France, which yields 209,771 objects or 51% of the whole. 
Jocondeincorporates a big a part of the collections of the Musée du Louvre. Nevertheless, many extra drawings and prints are on-line within the Département des Arts Graphiques  duLouvre.

MOBILIER NATIONAL Manufactures Nationales Gobelins-Beauvais-Savonnerie is an internet useful resource, complementary to Patrimoine mobilier (Palissy) in POP. The collections embrace 100,000 objects subdivided in ‘Mobilier -Tapisseries – Tapis – Bronzes et pendules – Cartons peints – Arts graphiques – Tissus d’ameublement – Dentelles et broderies’

One other necessary supply of drawings and plenty of different forms of artwork is Cat’zArts: the gathering of the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts (ENSBA) in Paris with 88,000 works on-line out of a complete of 450,000.
Not all 714 museums listed in Muséofile have a web site and plenty of wouldn’t have their collections on-line in Joconde. Some regional museums made associations selling their on-line collections. Examples:
 ALIENOR Musées de Poitou-Charentes (150 museums) 
MUSENORMusées des Hauts-de-France (85 museums with 36,346 works). 

Additionally Paris has its personal useful resource :
 PARIS MUSÉES with 325,285 works on-line from 14 museums.
Enluminures in POP is a specific wealthy assortment, unfold throughout France,  however the Bibliothèque nationale de France BnF Gallica has in its digital library (6,015,636 paperwork)  additionally a selected part Manuscrits

The part Images of BnF Gallica exhibits hundreds of prints (estampes) from the XVth to the XXth century, subdivided in 8 elements.
The bigger picure assortment BnF Banque d’images has practically 1 million photographs from the general public area and newest works of the best artists. Its class ‘estampes’  of all kinds yields 175,942 outcomes.

French historic sources
The prime useful resource is the web assortment Salons , created in 2006 by Musée d’Orsay and INHA, with notices about 398,103 works of 223,710 artists who offered 398,103 works in 321 exhibitions (Salons of French Artists, Nationwide Society of Superb Arts, Salon d’Automne…) or group exhibitions (Impressionist exhibitions, Rose-Croix…) in Paris and likewise in different cities between 1673 and 1914
There are not any photographs obtainable in Salons, however Arcade, database of Archives Nationales has on-line 34 photographic albums with 4,008 works exhibited within the Salons 1864-1901Arcade additionally traces the genesis and historical past of artworks acquired, commissioned or managed by the State and native authorities, from 1800 to 1969 (124,663 information). 
Different important sources are the Digital Collections of INHA (Institut Nationwide d’Histoire de l’Artwork)and its a number of databases in AGHORA (Accès World et Organisé aux Ressources en Histoire de l’Artwork). Considered one of them is the digitized Dictionnaire critique des historiens de l’art actifs en France de la Révolution à la Première Guerre mondiale.
Extra particular databases are the next:
       Recensement de la peinture française du XVIe siècle, together with work, wall work, stained glass, tapestries, embroidery.
·       Répertoire des tableaux français en Allemagne (XVIIe – XVIIIe siècles) at the moment preserved in German museums.· 
–        Digital Muret with the drawings of Jean-Baptiste Muret (1795-1866) depicting a number of thousand vintage objects from private and non-private collections.
·            Iconographie musicale : répertoire d’œuvres d’artwork à sujets musicaux, a compilation of work, drawings, prints and sculptures revealed by Albert Pomme de Mirimonde (1897-1985).
–       Les envois de Rome en peinture et sculpture, 1804-1914 with the paperwork associated to the       actions and works of the residents of the Académie de France in Rome. Out of 1500 artworks despatched from Rome to Paris, 700 have been recognized in public or non-public collections.   
A bigger database of those paperwork, from the start in 1666 till the top of the Prix de Rome competitors in 1968, is out there in Artl@s, a collaborative database of ENS/ PSL Analysis College, Paris. 

The Biblissima Portal is one other massive French historic useful resource. It’s a consortium of ten founding companions (amongst them BnF and Archives Nationales) and supplies entry to the digitized heritage (medieval manuscripts, incunabula and early printed books) of the Center Ages and the Renaissance in Western Europe, from the eighth to the 18th century. It features a Map of Locations of Origin and Publications, a Map of Holding Establishments on the planet and even a Map of Locations depicted in Illuminations.


UPDATE of June 18, 2021:
The database incorporates data on all points of the French theatre between 1600 and 1800, overlaying performs, operas, ballets, fairground productions, road performances and different incidental theatrical entertainments of every kind. Furthermore, there may be an Imagebank the place every picture is described by way of content material, dimensions, title of artist and/or engraver, supply, provenance, and many others.  The search could be made in 3 ways:  1. Search on the contents of all metadata entries 2. Search by class and/or title 3. Artists and Engravers 
UPDATE of July 2, 2021:.

with 53,500 recordsdata, 8,600 photographs, 85 hrs video and many others…

Photographic and digital collections
An extended standing French assortment is L’Agence Photo RMN (Réunion des Musées Nationaux et du Grand Palais), since 1946 formally in charge of selling and distributing the collections retained within the nationwide museums of France. There are 482,218 photographs of artworks on-line. The filter ‘artwork français’ yields 42% or 203,126 photographs, practically the identical quantity as within the database Joconde
A newer and far bigger official initiative is Moteur collections offering direct entry to 73 databases, 687 digital exhibitions and 178 web sites from each the Ministry of Tradition and companion websites. Over 7.5 million paperwork and over 5.7 million photographs can be found.
UPDATE of February 21, 2021 

An fascinating initiative since a few years is the non-public photographic assortment SiteVasari, a French web site devoted to Western portray and sculpture, from XIII° to XX° century. It information about 35,7000 work, 5,300 sculptures, 9,600 artists, 12,600 conservation areas (museums, non secular or public locations, non-public collections) and 150 interactive city maps with areas of the artworks. The positioning lists additionally greater than 1,100 ‘catalogues raisonnés’ of artists. A search ‘France artists’ exhibits 3,247 French artistswho could be ordered alphabetically or chronologically, by matter or by location. 
In the identical method,  Web Gallery of Art is a searchable database of European high-quality arts and structure (Third-Nineteenth centuries), at the moment containing over 48.600 reproductions. Its record of ‘French’ artists counts about 1,000 names.
One other helpful web site is ARTCYCLOPEDIA, with 2,900 artwork websites and shopping facility of its 9,000artists by nationality – one thing Google Arts and Tradition (see hereafter) doesn’t allow!

Bildarchiv Foto Marburg or Bildindexof the German Documentation Heart for Artwork Historical past has 2 million photographs of artwork and structure in 13 European international locations from round 80 companions. The gathering is particularly fascinating as a result of it contains many photographs of artworks now misplaced or destroyed. The search Entstehungsort Frankreich‘ yields 69,317 photographs.  
On the worldwide degree the European consortium europeanapromotes the digital transformation of the cultural heritage sector in partnership with museums, galleries, libraries and archives.  Nevertheless, nowadays, a search ‘French artists’ yields solely 7,787 photographs. 
Google Arts & Culture is no doubt the biggest digital assortment with artworks of greater than 2000 cultural establishments from world wide. Classes embrace 10,436 artists, 240 mediums, 129 artwork actions… however there isn’t any method to kind out the nation of origin of the artists nor of the artworks.  A misplaced alternative… and remember that artists are alphabetically ordered by their first title ! a completely unscientific scheme !

The non-profit undertaking WikiArt Visual Art Encyclopedia is far smaller. It options some 250,000 artworks by 3,000 artists, localized in additional than 100 international locations. Luckily, it has the appropriate A-Z Listing : surname, given title. A search by nation yields 420 French artistsin chronological order. 
To finalise this survey, two examples of on-line collections among the many largest ones exterior France, offering an acceptable search:·         


(1) The next posts describe on-line sources:
*       *September 13, 2011 ‘A great source for research collection freaks’
·       *September 21, 2011 ‘The fabulous Medici Archive online Project’
·       *February  20, 2012  ‘Photo-Archives, Old and New’
·       *April 27, 2012 ‘Exhibition Catalogues in the Digital Age’
 ·           * March 30, 2016 ‘Italian on-line sources forart assortment freaks, a sequel’
The paperbacks can be found from Lulu.com, the pdf has been uploaded in Academia and Internet Archive.
* Quantity 1.2 The Italian Venus revisited (2018)
* Quantity 2.1 The French Venus (2009)
* Quantity 3.1 The Venus of the Low International locations (2010)
* Quantity 4.1 The German, Swiss and Central-European Venus (2012)
* Quantity 5.1 The British and Irish Venus (2013)
* Quantity 6.1 The Venus of  the Jap, Southern and Northern European Areas (2014).
See additionally put up of June 12, 2011 ‘What are Topical Catalogues ?’
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