This put up presents a evaluate of on-line sources with metadata of French artworks. The survey distinguishes between ‘French museums and collections’,‘French historic sources’ and ‘Photographic and digital collections’.
It’s a sequel to earlier posts the place related details about on-line sources had been collected (1) and is a part of a serious effort to revise ‘The French Venus’, second catalogue revealed in 2009 of the sequence of six ‘Topical Catalogues of the Iconography of Venus from the Center Ages to Trendy Occasions’ (2).
One other necessary supply of drawings and plenty of different forms of artwork is Cat’zArts: the gathering of the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts (ENSBA) in Paris with 88,000 works on-line out of a complete of 450,000.
Not all714 museums listed in Muséofile have a web site and plenty of wouldn’t have their collections on-line in Joconde. Some regional museums made associations selling their on-line collections. Examples:
Enluminures in POP is a specific wealthy assortment, unfold throughout France, however the Bibliothèque nationale de France BnF Gallica has inits digital library (6,015,636 paperwork) additionally a selected part Manuscrits
The part Images of BnF Gallica exhibits hundreds of prints (estampes) from the XVth to the XXth century, subdivided in 8 elements.
The bigger picure assortment BnF Banque d’images has practically 1 million photographs from the general public area and newest works of the best artists. Its class ‘estampes’ of all kinds yields 175,942 outcomes.
French historic sources
The prime useful resource is the web assortment Salons , created in 2006 by Musée d’Orsay and INHA, with notices about 398,103 works of 223,710 artists who offered 398,103 works in 321 exhibitions (Salons of French Artists, Nationwide Society of Superb Arts, Salon d’Automne…) or group exhibitions (Impressionist exhibitions, Rose-Croix…) in Paris and likewise in different cities between 1673 and 1914.
There are not any photographs obtainable in Salons, however Arcade, database ofArchives Nationales has on-line 34 photographic albums with 4,008 works exhibited within the Salons 1864-1901. Arcade additionally traces the genesis and historical past of artworks acquired, commissioned or managed by the State and native authorities, from 1800 to 1969 (124,663 information).
Recensement de la peinture française du XVIe siècle, together with work, wall work, stained glass, tapestries, embroidery.
·Répertoire des tableaux français en Allemagne (XVIIe – XVIIIe siècles) at the moment preserved in German museums.·
– Digital Muret with the drawings of Jean-Baptiste Muret (1795-1866) depicting a number of thousand vintage objects from private and non-private collections.
·Iconographie musicale : répertoire d’œuvres d’artwork à sujets musicaux, a compilation of work, drawings, prints and sculptures revealed by Albert Pomme de Mirimonde (1897-1985).
– Les envois de Rome en peinture et sculpture, 1804-1914 with the paperwork associated to the actions and works of the residents of the Académie de France in Rome. Out of 1500 artworks despatched from Rome to Paris, 700 have been recognized in public or non-public collections.
A bigger database of those paperwork, from the start in 1666 till the top of the Prix de Rome competitors in 1968, is out there in Artl@s, a collaborative database of ENS/ PSL Analysis College, Paris.
The Biblissima Portal is one other massive French historic useful resource. It’s a consortium of ten founding companions (amongst them BnF and Archives Nationales) and supplies entry to the digitized heritage (medieval manuscripts, incunabula and early printed books) of the Center Ages and the Renaissance in Western Europe, from the eighth to the 18th century. It features a Map of Locations of Origin and Publications, a Map of Holding Establishments on the planet and even a Map of Locations depicted in Illuminations.
The database incorporates data on all points of the French theatre between 1600 and 1800, overlaying performs, operas, ballets, fairground productions, road performances and different incidental theatrical entertainments of every kind. Furthermore, there may be an Imagebank the place every picture is described by way of content material, dimensions, title of artist and/or engraver, supply, provenance, and many others. The search could be made in 3 ways: 1. Search on the contents of all metadata entries 2. Search by class and/or title 3. Artists and Engravers
with 53,500 recordsdata, 8,600 photographs, 85 hrs video and many others…
Photographic and digital collections
An extended standing French assortment is L’Agence Photo RMN(Réunion des Musées Nationaux et du Grand Palais), since 1946formally in charge of selling and distributing the collections retained within the nationwide museums of France. There are 482,218 photographs of artworks on-line. The filter ‘artwork français’ yields 42% or 203,126 photographs, practically the identical quantity as within the database Joconde.
A newer and far bigger official initiative is Moteur collectionsoffering direct entry to 73 databases, 687 digital exhibitions and 178 web sites from each the Ministry of Tradition and companion websites. Over 7.5 million paperwork and over 5.7 million photographs can be found.
An fascinating initiative since a few years is the non-public photographic assortment SiteVasari, a French web site devoted to Western portray and sculpture, from XIII° to XX° century. It information about 35,7000 work, 5,300 sculptures, 9,600 artists, 12,600 conservation areas (museums, non secular or public locations, non-public collections) and 150 interactive city maps with areas of the artworks. The positioning lists additionally greater than 1,100 ‘catalogues raisonnés’ of artists. A search ‘France artists’ exhibits 3,247 French artistswho could be ordered alphabetically or chronologically, by matter or by location.
In the identical method, Web Gallery of Art is a searchable database of European high-quality arts and structure (Third-Nineteenth centuries), at the moment containing over 48.600 reproductions. Its record of ‘French’ artists counts about 1,000 names.
One other helpful web site is ARTCYCLOPEDIA, with 2,900 artwork websites and shopping facility of its 9,000artists by nationality – one thing Google Arts and Tradition (see hereafter) doesn’t allow!
Bildarchiv Foto Marburgor Bildindexof the German Documentation Heart for Artwork Historical past has 2 million photographs of artwork and structure in 13 European international locations from round 80 companions. The gathering is particularly fascinating as a result of it contains many photographs of artworks now misplaced or destroyed. The search ‘Entstehungsort Frankreich‘ yields 69,317 photographs.
On the worldwide degree the European consortium europeanapromotes the digital transformation of the cultural heritage sector in partnership with museums, galleries, libraries and archives. Nevertheless, nowadays, a search ‘French artists’ yields solely 7,787 photographs.
Google Arts & Cultureis no doubt the biggest digital assortment with artworks of greater than 2000 cultural establishments from world wide. Classes embrace 10,436 artists, 240 mediums, 129 artwork actions… however there isn’t any method to kind out the nation of origin of the artists nor of the artworks. A misplaced alternative… and remember that artists are alphabetically ordered by their first title ! a completely unscientific scheme !
The non-profit undertaking WikiArt Visual Art Encyclopedia is far smaller. It options some 250,000 artworks by 3,000 artists, localized in additional than 100 international locations. Luckily, it has theappropriate A-Z Listing : surname, given title. A search by nation yields 420 French artistsin chronological order.
To finalise this survey, two examples of on-line collections among the many largest ones exterior France, offering an acceptable search:·
The British Museum in London with 82,419 outcomes for ‘Faculty/fashion: French’.
You might also like my different posts. Strive the ‘dynamic view’. Pull down the menu of the left button within the header and you might select one among a number of choices of studying kinds: * Traditional * Flipcard * Journal * Mosaic * Sidebar * Snapshot * Timeslide
Instance of dynamic view ‘Flipcard’ with search by date and label